On November 25, the New Jersey shot down six kamikazes and damaged several others, but some still struck four carriers. They were alphabetical listings of enlisted personnel who were subject to significant status changes during the month. As a result, she was recommissioned at the lightest weight ever achieved by an Iowa-class battleship. During her deployment, she had steamed from the westernmost arm of the Pacific to the easternmost arm of the Atlantic and served with all four of Americas active Fleets. Porcelain During the next two hours, Kinkaid sent repeated urgent messages to the New Jersey that his escort carriers were being attacked by four battleships, eight cruisers, and destroyers, and asking Halsey to launch airstrikes immediately and send Admiral Lee at top speed with his battleships, including the New Jersey, to prevent the Japanese from destroying the escort carriers and entering Leyte Gulf. Over her career, the New Jersey fired more shells in combat than any other battleship ever built. ricoh fax stuck in standby rhs 14 degree sbc heads eastern kentucky craigslist farm and garden. Tickets are still available for the @battleshipnj 's Evening Engine Room Guided Tour, Friday, March 3 at 6pm. The Battleship USS New Jersey, From Birth to Berth, by Carol Comegno, @ 2001, Published by Pediment Publishing, Canada. Shame my time on her was so short. Because the Philadelphia Yard finished the New Jersey nine months ahead of schedule, freeing up many skilled workers, the Wisconsin ultimately was launched and commissioned before the Missouri even though she had a higher hull number. HullNumber.com takes your privacy seriously. Halsey later related: I was sorry not to have the New Jersey again, but she was in overhaul.. Thousands of civilians visited her, and 6,000 active and reserve Navy sailors volunteered to serve in her 1,500-man crew. This database contains an index to U.S. Marine Corps muster rolls from 1798-1958. The U.S.S. The U.S. Navy was escorting American-flagged tankers and had been attacked with missiles and mines. Halsey commanded the Third Fleet on the New Jersey from August 24, 1944 until January 27, 1945. This pointedly illustrated the new roles of carriers and battleships. On December 30, 1944, Admiral Halsey in USS New Jersey led the Third Fleet to sea to aid General MacArthurs liberation on Luzon. On April 13, 1944, USS New Jersey and Admiral Spruances Central Pacific Force now renamed the Fifth Fleet steamed 2,000 miles west to support the amphibious offensive by General Douglas MacArthur and the Seventh Fleet against the Japanese in New Guinea. Communist China Spring Offensive, 2. Clancys description of their shore bombardment vividly evokes the New Jerseys many fire support missions in four wars: As the massive sixteen-inch rifles turned slowly to starboard and fired their first salvo, obscuring the firing battleship in an orange flash, the Soviet commander whispers Mother of God. Already the guns were going through their thirty-second reload cycle. As Admiral Kuritas chief of staff admitted, the battle spelled the collapse of our Navy as an effective fighting force. Japans ships never again tried to challenge the United States Navy in battle. The New Jersey promptly pitched in on May 19, shelling Kansong just above the Parallel to interdict enemy supplies. Volunteers swarmed over the ship in the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard where she was built. Truk was Japans main fleet base outside of the Home Islands, had been fortified against naval and air attack, and was known as the Gibraltar of the Pacific. Spruance hoped to catch Japanese ships fleeing the attack, and he knew the New Jersey with her 33-knot speed and 16-inch guns would be at the center of the action. USS Pollux AKS-4 was a Castor-class general stores issue ship commissioned by the U.S. Navy for service in World War II. The New Jersey transited the Panama Canal and raced across the Atlantic to the Mediterranean, joining the Sixth Fleet. was the best year of my life. affiliations. The fledgling United States Navy relied on smaller sailing vessels (such as the frigate USS Constitution) that had too few cannons to serve in the line of battle, and instead were used as scouts, escorts, and raiders. An athletic lieutenant, future President Gerald Ford, was almost swept overboard as he helped save his burning carrier Monterey. At 0412, when reporting the results of the battle in Surigao Strait, Admiral Kinkaid decided to radio Admiral Halsey on USS New Jersey to confirm: IS TF 34 GUARDING SAN BERNARDINO STRAIT? Because the radio message had to be transmitted from the Seventh Fleets flagship to General MacArthurs headquarters in the Admiralty Islands two thousand miles away, retransmitted to the New Jersey, and then decoded, it was not received by Admiral Halsey until 0648. Women (including officers) of the Army and Navy Nurse Corps may be found on medical ships and as passengers aboard Navy ships and at some Navy shore installations. For oral history. 35,169 views Premiered Apr 19, 2022 1.9K Dislike Share Save Battleship New Jersey 115K subscribers In this episode we're looking at some research done by one of our volunteers. Please keep in mind that this list does only include records of people who submitted their information for publication on this website. It was an honor and a privilege to serve on-board the USS New Jersey with my fellow shipmates, and to be part of the final decommissioning crew. After the Korean War, the Navy again began decommissioning ships. The New Jerseys unmatched service in World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the Cold War, and the conflicts in Lebanon and the Persian Gulf put her in harms way in more battles, campaigns, and wars than any almost any other vessel. BB-62 was the second warship named for the State of New Jersey. from the e-mails and entries made in the Ships Log, many of the visitors to As a final layer of defense against anti-ship missiles, she received four Mark 15 Phalanx Close-In Weapons System 20-millimeter Gatling guns located on each corner of the superstructure. The escort carriers planes relentlessly attacked Japans armored behemoths with whatever weapons they had, including depth charges, small bombs, rockets, and machine gun bullets. USS New Jersey - BB 62 America's Most Decorated Battleship The U.S. Navy battleship USS New Jersey (BB-62) fires a nine 40.6 cm (16 in) gun salvo during bombardment operations against enemy targets in Korea, adjacent to the 38th parallel, on 10 November 1951 Introduction Meanwhile, Imperial Japan invaded China in July 1937, and Nazi Germany rebuilt its navy. Upon returning to Ulithi on January 25, 1945, the New Jersey hosted Admiral Spruance who conferred with Halsey. She was responsible for. Read more Price: US $449.99 No Interest if paid in full in 6 mo on $99+* Buy It Now Add to cart Best Offer: Make offer Add to Watchlist To avoid the weather, Halsey moved the fueling rendezvous south. On October 23, 1983, terrorist suicide bombers drove two explosive-filled trucks into the barracks occupied by the peacekeepers, killing 58 French paratroopers, 240 U.S. Marines, and a New Jersey sailor helping the Marines. In April 1937, the allied powers invoked the escalator clause in the Second London Naval Treaty which enabled them again to build battleships with 16-inch guns. 25 Feb 1945 : USS Wisconsin escorted carriers as the carrier aircraft attacked Hachino, Japan. shipmates. With an airstrike scheduled for December 19, Halsey ordered the fleet to refuel at sea on December 17. The following websites post reunion notices and provide resources for locating veterans: Hullnumber.com (Navy ships and air squadrons), United States Naval Academy Alumni Association. On October 29, 1944, USS New Jersey shot down a kamikaze who nonetheless managed to crash into the carrier Intrepid. The New Jersey also received a Naval Unit Commendation for her service in Vietnam, and Presidential Unit Citations from the Republic of the Philippines and the Republic of Korea. A Kaman Seasprite helicopter was based on the New Jerseys helicopter landing pad to provide over-the-horizon targeting information. Visiting the @acboatshow this weekend? Following an overhaul at Long Beach, USS New Jersey returned to the Western Pacific in 1988 for naval exercises. Even the speedy Iowa-class ships were targeted by the budget-cutters. All the 40mm guns were removed in 1967. There on April 12, 1954, she hosted the Atlantic Fleet change of command ceremony, presided over by now-Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Carney. Nonetheless, these initial waves sank three destroyers, three smaller warships, and two transports, and damaged two carriers and dozens of small ships, some beyond repair. On December 28, 1982, USS New Jersey was placed in commission personally by President Reagan. Supporting X Corps advance, USS New Jersey bombarded the Communist supply line near the Parallel at Yangyang and Kansong, dropping bridge spans, exploding ammunition dumps, and shelling enemy troops. Decommissioned again in February 1991, USS New Jersey was towed from the Pacific to the Atlantic in 1999. Judging (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Band photo sent by Dave Brown. Retired in 2001. Avenger torpedo bombers sank Ozawas flagship Zuikaku, the last surviving carrier from the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. P.O. On July 31, she returned to Long Beach to ready for her second tour of duty to Vietnam. Fifty such shells were produced, but it is unknown whether they were deployed on the New Jersey or his sister ships. The Last Stand of the Tin Can Sailors, The Extraordinary World War II Story of the U.S. Navys Finest Hour, by James D. Hornfischer, @ 2004 James D. Hornfischer, Published by Bantam Dell, New York, NY. Nimitzs orders to Halsey required the New Jersey and the Third Fleet to cover and support MacArthurs invasion of Leyte and to destroy enemy naval and air forces in or threatening the Philippines area. But Halsey got the orders amended to add: In case opportunity for destruction of major portions of the enemy fleet is offered or can be created, such destruction becomes the primary task. Halsey invoked that loophole at the Battle for Leyte Gulf. Fear of another expensive naval arms race led to the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty. Halseys parting message from the New Jersey to the fleet accurately stated: We have driven the enemy off the sea and back to his inner defenses. To counter the Soviet military and naval expansion, the New Jersey led her three sisters into the Missile Age, adding cruise missiles, anti-ship missiles, and anti-missile weapons to their massive 16-inch guns and numerous 5-inch guns, making them the most formidable surface warships ever put to sea by the Navy. Risking submarine attack, the New Jersey and other American ships turned on their searchlights to guide the desperate planes home. That day, the New Jersey was ordered to speed 7,042 miles west, arriving off North Korea on April 22. Franklin Ship's Company 6 Men Lost via Accidents 1944-1945 55 Men Lost October 13, 15, 30, 1944 631 Men Lost March 19, 1945 Marine Detachment She fired eleven 16-inch shells 16-18 miles into Lebanon. The records include name of registrant, age, birth date, birthplace, residence, employer information, and physical description. It rapidly revamped its Kongo-class battlecruisers as 30-knot fast battleships, and reputedly began designing new battleships to have unprecedented tonnage and armament. This is a blast. armor-piercing round, or a 1,900 lb. The design was recommended by the Battleship Design Advisory Board, which included Americas premier naval architect William Francis Gibbs, who designed ocean liners such as SS United States, and William Hovgaard, MITs professor of naval design, who investigated the sinkings of Titanic and Lusitania. USS New Jersey was decommissioned on August 21, 1957, in Bayonne, New Jersey, after a party featuring actress Julie Newmar as Miss New Jersey. Thereafter, the Communists made peace overtures but resumed ground attacks. The attack forced the Combined Fleet to withdraw to bases in the Philippines, and compelled its commander, Admiral Mineichi Koga, to flee in a flying boat that was lost in a typhoon. Sea of Thunder, Four Commanders and the Last Great Naval Campaign 1941-1945, by Evan Thomas, @ 2006 Evan Thomas, Published by Simon & Schuster, New York, NY. For best viewing use USS New Jersey became the first battleship to sail up the Columbia River, was toured by 40,000 people at the 1990 Portland Rose Festival, and appeared in an Arnold Schwarzenegger film. Most of them were scrapped or expended as targets in atom bomb tests. this site are former crewman, and often they are looking for old On October 20, 1944, over 160,000 Army troops landed on Leyte, a large island in the center of the Philippines. The Navy's World Wide Locatoris a service established to find the present duty station of active duty personnel, and is for official business use only. The Japanese lost warships displacing 305,710 tons (a fleet carrier, 3 light carriers, 3 battleships, 6 heavy cruisers, 4 light cruisers, 9 destroyers), about 300 planes, and approximately 12,500 sailors and airmen. The USS New Jersey (BB-62) was an Iowa-class battleship that entered service in 1943 and saw combat in World War II and later fought in Korea and Vietnam. The Third Fleet was bedeviled by kamikaze planes, whose crash-dive suicide attacks were easier for inexperienced pilots than dropping bombs or torpedoes, harder to stop because the Americans had to destroy the attacking plane completely, and more devastating because the plane and its fuel added to the destructive force of its bombs. She was also Halseys flagship during the devastating Typhoon Cobra and was featured in Herman Wouks resulting Pulitzer-prize-winning novel The Caine Mutiny. On November 22, 1951, as delegates at Panmunjom agreed that the current battleline would be the truce line, USS New Jersey was relieved by the newly arrived Wisconsin (later relieved by Iowa). information about joining, or getting membership information, contact them The number of U.S. Navy ships had reached the lowest level since World War II, while the Soviet Union had greatly added to its surface fleet, including the first of the Kirov-class battlecruisers. The New Jersey helped shoot down three attacking aircraft. Return of the Battleship, by William H. Honan, Published 4/11/1982 by New York Times. Battleship New Jersey, An Illustrated History, by Paul Stillwell, @ 1986 Paul Stillwell, Published by the Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD. At 2022 on October 24, Halsey went into the New Jerseys flag plot, put his finger on Admiral Ozawas charted position, and told Admiral Carney, Heres where we are going, Mick. He would have been 18 or 19 then so just a kid. . As Halseys flagship in the Battle for Leyte Gulf, the New Jersey was the site of some of the most dramatic and controversial command decisions of the war. National Archive 80-G-469922 ; USS New Jersey (BB-62) silhouetted against the sea and clouds , as seen from a . This database contains U.S. Navy muster rolls and associated reports of changes for U.S. Navy enlisted personnel who served on U.S. Navy ships or in other naval activities between 31 January 1938 and 31 December 1949. As early as the 1970s, the Battleship New Jersey Historical Museum Society and other organizations had been formed to lobby the Navy to return the historic New Jersey to the State for which she was named. Meanwhile, on May 27, 1945, Admiral Spruance yielded command of the main Pacific Fleet to Admiral Halsey, who was told his flagship would be Missouri. The following pages list the names of the 921 men who made the supreme sacrifice serving on the U.S.S. * Click Admiral Halsey had to abandon the strikes on Mindoro and bring USS New Jersey and the battered fleet back to Ulithi. The Army was able to land at Lingayen Gulf on January 9, 1945, and eventually liberate Manila and the rest of Luzon. This database is an indexed collection of the draft cards from the Fourth Registration. Tet Counter-Offensive, 1969. Moreover, Iowa had suffered a catastrophic explosion while firing its 16-inch guns in April 1989. Another great place is the USS New Jersey Veterans Association website, their address is below. In some cases, deployment of the New Jersey will free up our overstressed aircraft carriers for other uses. The nine 16-inch guns of the New Jersey and Iowa could fire 2,700-pound shells almost 24 miles. Two Korean combat tours in 1951 and 1953 were punctuated by a European cruise in the Summer of 1952. Because of their great size, they had the space and reserve buoyancy to be retrofitted with modern missile systems, while retaining unmatched firepower and armor protection. She was visited by more than 21,000 people. Her guns destroyed enemy troops, rocket launchers, antiaircraft sites, trenches, bunkers, tunnels, and supply dumps. The Japanese returned fire with coastal defense guns taken from Singapore, hitting the Iowa twice and straddling the New Jersey. Halsey later said he made a mistake in bowing to pressure and turning south. In addition, USS New Jersey still served as Seventh Fleet flagship. USS New Jersey was selected as to participate in the Navys first midshipman training to Europe since 1938. After further exercises in the Delaware and Chesapeake Bays, on August 9 the new battleship started a one-month shakedown cruise in the Caribbean, and then returned to Philadelphia Navy Yard for improvements, including an enclosed curved bridge, the only battleship with that feature. Recommissioning was completed on budget and ahead of schedule. She was Fifth Fleet flagship during the mid-February raid on the Japanese base at Truk, where she used her guns to sink one enemy ship and join in sinking another. As a member of the Decommissioning crew in 1991 I lost contact with a lot of good men from the crew. The Quiet Warrior, A Biography of Admiral Raymond A. Spruance, by Thomas B. Buell, @ 1987 Naval Institute Press, Published by Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD. They were also the only ships for which nuclear projectiles were designed. Into 1945, USS New Jersey participated in the invasions of Iwo Jima and the Ryukyus. When he became the commander of the Central Pacific Force in November 1943, Spruance decided not to have a battleship for a flagship so his own movements would not weaken his fleet. In his wildly successful 1984 debut novel The Hunt for Red October, the Soviet fleet pursues its newest submarine whose officers are sailing to America to defect. USS New Jerseys electronics systems also evolved, sprouting different antennae on her superstructure over time. This limited the United States Navy to 18 battleships totaling 525,000 tons displacement. Fighting off kamikazes, the New Jersey protected carriers which struck Japanese bases in Vietnam, Canton and Hainan Island in China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan. This site's Ships Log nearly Uniquely, USS New Jersey was considered for more radical changes: replacing her rear 16-inch turret with a vertical-launching missile system carrying 48 more Tomahawk or Harpoon missiles, or with a ski-jump ramp able to launch and land vertical- or short-takeoff aircraft like the Marines Harrier jump jet. To e-mail Dave click Here. At 0215, USS TRIGGER attacks the convoy again, fires three torpedoes and all hit and sink DELAGOA MARU near Tanegashima. For the first time, a major enemy base was beaten down without the aid of land-based air power or amphibious invasion. The assault led by the New Jersey prevented Japan from ever again using Truk as a fleet base, stopped it from interfering with the assault by Marines and Army troops on Eniwetok on February 17, and kicked open the door to further American advances in the Central Pacific. Asiatic Pacific Raids, 2. The New Jersey also fought in the two largest naval battles of the Pacific War. USS New Jerseys float plane spotted the fleeing destroyer Nowaki over the horizon. For another layer of defense, eight sextuple Mark 36 Super Rapid Bloom Offboard Countermeasures Chaff and Decoy Launching Systems were installed. President Reagan ordered the Marines to withdraw to their ships. Much of the ship is still in its original 1943 condition, with other areas showcasing the upgraded weaponry and electronics installed in 1982. As the Fifth Fleets fast carrier task force had seven fleet carriers, eight light carriers, and 956 carrier aircraft, the resulting Battle of the Philippine Sea was the largest carrier battle in history. She steamed to Pearl Harbor, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. USS New Jersey 1945 - 1:1000 Ship Model (Amercom ST-20) 4.4 (60) $2900 FREE delivery Mon, Mar 13 Only 6 left in stock - order soon. Admiral Mitscher launched an airstrike that did not reach the Japanese fleet until sunset. Then by using the crew list and the list of casualties, the names of the survivors of a World War II ship or vessel can be created. DANFS - Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Permitting Policy and Resource Management, The 9/11 Terrorist Attacks: 20 Years Later, "Ex Scientia Tridens": The U.S. He was told Yes, yes, we have that information by a staff officer on the New Jersey. The New Jersey and six other battleships then formed a battle line that pulverized the Japanese base on Ponape Island in the Carolines on May 1. Over the next two months, she launched some of her heaviest and most accurate bombardments, again hitting Wonson, Hungnam, and Tanchon and directly supporting U.N. troops near Kansong. To liberate Leyte, the United States sent the largest naval force ever assembled. Cruising off El Salvador, she was visited by its President as well as Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger and Second Fleet Commander Joseph Metcalf III. DANFS - Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Permitting Policy and Resource Management, The 9/11 Terrorist Attacks: 20 Years Later, "Ex Scientia Tridens": The U.S. Work on USS New Jersey proceeded around the clock. Also, in 1982, the New Jerseys interior spaces were reconfigured for greater crew comfort, including new bunks and lockers, air conditioning systems, and other amenities such as a chapel and a TV studio. President Ronald Reagan asserted a stronger response was necessary, including building a 600-ship Navy. However, President Johnson declared a halt to all bombing of North Vietnam as of November 1, just before the 1968 election. By contrast, the next day, D-Day, Allied ships carried 160,000 soldiers only 50 miles across the English Channel, supported by nearby English ports and airbases. Reality was worse. New Jersey continued her Pacific combat operations into 1945, supporting the invasions of Iwo Jima and the Ryukyus. Both plane designs required a catapult assisted launch to get airborne. Here to read entries in the Ships Log * *. Crew: 1,921: Armament: 3x3x16in(406mm)/50cal Mark 7 guns, 10x2x5in(127mm)/38cal Mark 12 guns, 80x40mm/56cal Bofors AA guns, 49x20mm/70cal Oerlikon AA guns: . The armor was designed to give a zone of immunity against fire from 16-inch/45-caliber guns at ranges of between 18,000 and 30,000 yards and is impenetrable by smaller guns. As Admiral Halseys flagship, she led the Third Fleet as it supported General MacArthurs difficult, two-month struggle to take Leyte from the reinforced Japanese Army. USS New Jersey then steamed through the Indian Ocean to the war-torn Persian Gulf. Naval Academy, The Sullivan Brothers and the Assignment of Family Members, Historic Former U.S. Navy Bases and Stations, The African American Experience in the U.S. Navy, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in the U.S. Navy, Contributions of Native Americans to the U.S. Navy, The World Cruise of the Great White Fleet, Navy Underwater Archaeology Return Program, Annual Navy History and Heritage Awards - Main, Research Permits for Sunken & Terrestrial Military Craft, Scanning, Copyright & Citation Information, Obtain Duplications of Records and Photos, Research Guide: Crew Lists and Muster Rolls, Research Guide: Drawings, Maps, Charts of Buildings, Structures and Installations of the US Navy, Research Guide: Navy Record Groups at the National Archives, Research Guide: Sources for the Study of Naval Equipment. To fool incoming anti-ship missiles, USS New Jerseys 1967 refit installed a new ULQ-6B electronic countermeasures system and four new Mk 28 Chaffroc chaff rocket launchers. As in other navies, they were the pride of the fleet. Spruance was an admirals admiral, Halsey a sailors admiral. Just as the majestic power of the New Jersey inspired Spruance to take the risk of personally commanding a surface action, Halseys desire to lead the speedy and powerful New Jersey into battle led him to his most controversial decisions. After sea trials off California and drills off Pearl Harbor, she headed back to the war on August 2. The catapults that had launched her Seahawk floatplanes were removed to make room for landings on the fantail by a new Sikorsky HO3S-1 helicopter. Just as Admiral Sprague expected his ships to be annihilated, Kurita ordered his ships north to reorganize at 0911. On May 31, 1967, Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara authorized a study on whether to reactivate a battleship. Naval Academy, The Sullivan Brothers and the Assignment of Family Members, Historic Former U.S. Navy Bases and Stations, The African American Experience in the U.S. Navy, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in the U.S. Navy, Contributions of Native Americans to the U.S. Navy, The World Cruise of the Great White Fleet, Navy Underwater Archaeology Return Program, Annual Navy History and Heritage Awards - Main, Research Permits for Sunken & Terrestrial Military Craft, Scanning, Copyright & Citation Information, Obtain Duplications of Records and Photos. Report an offensive or inappropriate entry. Pull yourself together! Halsey, so mad he could not talk, stormed into his cabin on the New Jersey. With Admiral Kurita heading for San Bernardino Strait, Admiral Halsey at 1512 sent a radio telegram from USS New Jersey to his subordinate commanders stating that the New Jersey, three other fast battleships, five cruisers and numerous destroyers WILL BE FORMED AS TASK FORCE 34 under Admiral Lee, his battleship commander. What had been the Fifth Fleet while Admiral Spruance commanded was called the Third Fleet while Halsey commanded.